Gynecomastia refers to the enlargement of glandular tissue in the male chest. It commonly occurs because of hormonal imbalances due to disturbances in the endocrine system of the body. Sometimes, intake of certain drugs can also result in the above condition. Other factors that can cause gynecomastia include obesity, steroid consumption, intake of junk food and sodas, thyroid problems, liver disease, and use of certain drugs. Young males suffering with this problem often find it a cause of social embarrassment.
If persistent for a long time, surgical management is the only treatment available for gynecomastia. The procedure includes surgical removal of enlarged glandular tissue along with liposuction if there’s any fat accumulation as well. It is a daycare procedure, and to manage the discomfort associated with the surgery. It is performed after administering anesthesia. The surgery helps in flattening the male chest profile.
Types of Gynecomastia
In this condition, the fat cells deposit in the chest area of the men suffering from obesity. Liposuction helps to remove the excess fat tissue, and this is done by inserting a small tube cannula that melts the fat, and then the fat is removed with the help of suction technique.
2. True gynecomastia
This condition occurs as a result of growth of glandular tissue, and surgical removal is the only option to treat this condition.
Sometimes gynaecomastia can also occur due to genetics, so adopting a vigorous exercise and dieting cannot help to correct this problem. Many people often pair gynecomastia surgery with a tummy tuck to achieve a stronger and tighter core that enhances their newly muscular chest.
Ideal candidates for gynecomastia surgery
NOTE: Men who drink alcohol and smoke are not considered the right candidate for this surgery. So, it is recommended to quit smoking for at least a few weeks before and after the surgery.
Symptoms of gynecomastia
Benefits of gynecomastia surgery
Short duration, no admission required.
After the surgery, the chest area will look swollen and bruised. The support/compression garment helps to reduce swelling and provide support to the treated area. The compression garments must be worn for at least 6 weeks to ensure proper body contouring. Heavy exercises are prohibited for the initial few weeks after the surgery. The drainage tubes are inserted that help to drain the excess fluid that accumulates after the surgery at the surgery site.
Why do I need breas-t reduction?
Male breas-t enlargement is characterized by excess fat or glandular tissue on the chest. This can be due to hormonal imbalance or due to the intake of certain steroid containing formulations. This enlargement cannot be corrected by exercise or weight loss and needs to be surgically treated.
Will it leave a scar?
The incisions for a breas-t reduction are placed in a concealed area around the nipple and dark skin around it (areola). The glandular tissue is removed via this incision. In addition to this, small incisions for liposuction are placed in the hidden areas along the breas-t crease. These incisions are mostly inconspicuous and fade away with time.
Can the breas-t enlargement recur?
Breas-t reduction entails removal of the glandular tissue to ensure that the enlargement does not recur. However, maintenance of a healthy lifestyle and avoidance of fluctuations in weight are important to maintain results.
When can I return to work?
A period of 3 -4 days is required before one can resume working. A compression garment is to be worn during a period of at least 6 weeks post the procedure. This helps in tightening the skin and creating a better definition of a post surgery. Patients should abstain from smoking and alcohol after surgery to hasten to heal. A period of 6 weeks is recommended before resuming weight training and other strenuous activities.
What is the duration of the procedure?
Male breas-t reduction is a day care procedure performed on an out patient basis. The surgery takes around 1 to ½ hrs. and you will be discharged on the same evening.
Why do I need gynecomastia surgery?
Gynecomastia is characterized by excess fat or glandular tissue on the chest. This can be due to hormonal imbalance or due to the intake of certain steroid containing formulations. This enlargement cannot be corrected by exercise or weight loss and needs to be surgically treated.
Can gynecomastia recur?
Gynecomastia surgery entails the removal of the glandular tissue to ensure that the enlargement does not recur. However, maintenance of a healthy lifestyle and avoidance of fluctuations in weight are important to maintain results.
What is the ideal age to undergo gynecomastia surgery?
It is recommended to undergo surgery after 18 years of age. In many cases, gynecomastia is caused by hormonal fluctuations that occur during adolescence, and it resolves on its own within a few years. Still, if it does not, then one can undergo this surgery to get rid of enlarged glandular tissues.
Which type of anesthesia is administered during the surgery?
Local or general anesthesia is administered depending upon the changes required, patient’s tolerance level and their medical condition, the type of anesthesia is administered.